Egaladeist wrote:I thought anything was ( reasonably ) penetrable given the right knowledge, tools, and ' preferably ' physical access?
True but it's a lot harder when you also have to crack hardware keys like we have here. They're basically code generators, you stick your bankcard in them, type your pincode. The website will offer a challenge, that challenge needs to be typed in on the 'calculator' and it will give a response. It's this response that will give you access. The challenge/response mechanism works really well and is pretty hard to beat. Not impossible but highly impractical.
If this Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is so impenetrable that it would take millions of years to crack...why isn't it ' standard ' on every computer in every circumstance? Why doesn't it come ' standard ' like a DVD player and a graphics card when you purchase a computer?
Because data needs to be unencrypted or you won't be able to use it. If I'm not mistaken Windows Bitlocker uses it. It's not standard on all versions of Windows but on the professional ones it is.
I'm assuming...that AES is just encrypting passwords, and isn't a lot more complicated than that.
It can be used to encrypt pretty much everything, including passwords. Passwords are usually stored as a hash though. Hashes aren't 'reversible' while encryption is.